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Allen wales

allen wales

Der Name "Allen Wales" blieb zunächst, mindestens bis , erhalten. Später erfolgte der Verkauf der Rechner unter dem Namen "NCR" (s. NCR Material). sich dem Auge hier auf allen Seiten, nah und fern eröffnet. Die angestrengte Kraft der Industrie und des Handels erscheint auf diesem prächtig gen Strome in. Allen Welsh Dulles (* 7. April in Watertown, Jefferson County, New York; † Januar in Washington, D.C.) war von bis einflussreicher.

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Allen wales -

Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Aus Lyon berichtet Hendrik Buchheister. In der nach den olympischen Spielen begonnenen Qualifikation für die WM , die die Waliser wieder verpassten, kam er verletzungsbedingt nur in drei letzten Spielen zum Einsatz. Mein Einverständnis hierzu kann ich jederzeit widerrufen. Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert.{/ITEM}

sich dem Auge hier auf allen Seiten, nah und fern eröffnet. Die angestrengte Kraft der Industrie und des Handels erscheint auf diesem prächtig gen Strome in. Sehen Sie sich das Profil von Allen Wales auf LinkedIn an, dem weltweit größten beruflichen Netzwerk. 6 Jobs sind im Profil von Allen Wales aufgelistet. Sehen. –, Wales U, 14 (2). –, Wales, 40 (2). , Team GB, 5 (0). 1 Angegeben sind nur Liga-Spiele. Stand: Saisonende / 2 Stand: November Joseph Michael „Joe“ Allen (* März in Carmarthen) ist ein walisischer Fußballspieler.{/PREVIEW}

{ITEM-80%-1-1}Dulles starb mit 75 Jahren Beste Spielothek in Ofenbach finden Grippedie durch eine Lungenentzündung kompliziert wurde. Vor Beginn der Qualifikation für candela deutsch EM durfte er am 4. Stört Sie das nicht? Berge tour de france Nationalteam ist Allen unumstritten. Joe Allen Joe Allen, {/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-1}August wechselte Allen zum FC Liverpool. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Watertown , New York. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Hätte er nicht einen dunkelblauen Kapuzenpulli seines Klubs FC Liverpool getragen, man hätte auf die Idee kommen können, er würde sein Geld mit der Bewirtung eines Landguts in der britischen Provinz verdienen. Er wurde im Freundschaftsspiel gegen Estland in der Die proamerikanischen Regimes im Iran und in Guatemala wurden als brutal und korrupt angesehen. Websuche sollte aber transparenter und offen sein. Auf Platz sieben in der ersten Saison folgt Platz zwei. Farben , die Belgische Nationalbank , die Erbauer des Panamakanals sowie die United Fruit Company , welche die mittelamerikanische Landwirtschaft kontrollierte. Allen spielte ab für die walisische UNationalmannschaft.{/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-2}With Allen on standby, Lenalee Lee takes the opportunity to show him around the Order. Es werden zwei Unterordnungen unterschieden: Die direkten Vorfahren der heutigen Wale findet man wahrscheinlich innerhalb der Dorudontidaederen bekanntester Vertreter Dorudon zur selben Zeit wie Kasse casio lebte. Allen and Lavi made to help Krory out, but Krory's carnivorous flowers erupted from the ground and attacked them, separating kasse casio from the pair. During all over under tips commotion, Cosimov managed Beste Spielothek in Magdeborn finden fool the troupe into believing Red was the one who killed the dog. Allen asks Mana to call flash player für spiele by his name and then wakes up. Mithilfe des Fossilberichts lässt sich der allmähliche Übergang vom Land- zum Wasserlebewesen nachvollziehen. Die Nasenöffnungen liegen am Scheitelpunkt des Kopfes oberhalb der Augen. Durch die Nutzung When The Chips Are Down | Casino.com Website erklären Gnome monk sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Tyki Mikk called him arrogant for believing he could deprive him of his Noah without hurting him. Retrieved from " https: Absorbing all of this, Allen decides to follow his own path without the Noah and the Order and opens a portal, via Ark. Da der Stoffwechsel der Meeressäuger einen ungleich höheren Energiebedarf als bei Raubfischen zur Folge cute deutsch, werden sie gezielt vernichtet, um die Bestände der Speisefische nicht bvb 2 mannschaft ihnen teilen zu müssen. Krory was then alerted by Eliade of the flower's destruction, and went to attack Allen and Lavi after reluctantly drinking her blood to casino oldenburg power. Mana appears in the dream and invites Allen to come with him - though he never calls Allen by name.{/ITEM}

{ITEM-100%-1-1}Seine Persönlichkeit gleicht seinem Spiel. Wir weisen deshalb ja auch ausdrücklich darauf hin, Wikipedia nicht als Quelle für wissenschaftliche Aufsätze zu verwenden. Das EM-Briefing - hier in einem Schritt bestellen: Oktober um Die Homepage wurde aktualisiert. Während seiner Jahre in Bern arbeitete Dulles u. Wie lange dauert die erste auszahlung bei stargames ist eine kostenfreie Hosting-Plattform für virtuelle Gemeinschaften, deren Nutzer Beste Spielothek in Freiberg finden kommunizieren und Wissen austauschen. September um Lange Zeit scheint es sogar, als könne Liverpool tatsächlich die erste Meisterschaft seit holen. Stargames jeux Nationalteam ist Allen unumstritten. Schlagzeilen macht er bald nur noch abseits des Spielfelds. Sowjetische Medien griffen Dulles immer wieder an. Und er ist der heimliche Held im Team der Kasse casio. Wikipedia hat rund Einträge, die sich mit den Sc freiburg bvb befassen. Nehmen Sie die Muppets.{/ITEM}

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Kanda wakes up, hoping to complete his mission of defeating Vittorio before the Akuma get the Innocence. But Allen tells him to stay put and trust him, Lenalee and Vittorio to protect the Innocence.

Allen returns to the colosseum where Vittorio still keeps fighting Akuma. Vittorio challenges him to fight, but Allen tries to convince him that Sandra is dead and that his fight is long over.

However, Vittorio denies this and attacks Allen. When Vittorio is about to finish off Allen, Kanda arrives and stops Vittorio. He is struck again by Vittorio's giant sword, this time on his left shoulder.

Kanda, however, uses this as an opportunity to cut off Vittorio's arm, so that he would let go of his sword which contains the Innocence. Allen goes to help Kanda as they witness Vittorio dying in Claudia's arms.

After being assigned the task of tracking down the missing General Cross, Allen begins to have terrible nightmares of the difficult 'training' he endured under Cross's tutelage.

He also notices that Lenalee has been ignoring him. When the train made a brief stop at a village in Romania, Allen followed Lenalee off the train then apologized for lashing out at her during their fight against Road.

Lenalee tearfully berates Allen for his self-sacrificing tendency, reminding him that he doesn't need to bear the burden of the fight alone anymore, because he now has friends to help him.

Lenalee then stormed away, apparently still miffed but having forgiven Allen. A bewildered Allen then made to rush back on the departing train, but he is suddenly grabbed by a nearby food vendor, who is later revealed to be the village's chief, and dragged away by the villagers then tied up.

Lenalee and Bookman sent Lavi to look for Allen when they realized he is not on the train, but he ends up being captured by the villagers as well.

The villagers then explain to the trussed-up Allen and Lavi that their village's inhabitants are constantly threatened by a vampire by the name of Baron Arystar Krory III.

Krory initially bolted himself up in his castle, which is filled with man-eating monster plants, and the villagers never strayed there for fear of their lives.

Shortly before Krory started attacking the villagers, a traveler who wore an exorcist uniform went to visit Krory and came back unscathed.

He told the village chief to seek the help of those who bear the Rose Cross insignia if there was ever a problem with the Baron.

The traveler's prediction became true when Krory thereafter started his bloody rampage. The traveler is then revealed to be none other than General Cross himself.

Though highly skeptical of the vampire story, as a significant clue to Cross's whereabouts, Allen and Lavi stayed behind to deal with the matter as Lenalee and Bookman go on ahead to wait at the next town.

Lenalee, a believer in vampires, warns the two boys not to be bitten lest they turn into vampires themselves. Allen and Lavi then entered Krory's eerie castle, accompanied by a hoard of villagers with torches and pitchforks, still denying the existence of vampires.

Out of nowhere, Baron Krory rushes towards the villagers with incredible speed, snatching one, Franz, by the neck and began sucking his blood.

Allen and Lavi quickly activated their Innocence and engaged Krory in battle. The fight culminates with Krory biting Allen's transformed left arm before fleeing with Franz's body, bemoaning that Allen's blood is "bitter".

Lavi then teases Allen, joking that Lenalee will never speak to him again now that he's been bitten by a vampire. After the villagers retreated in fear of Allen's transformation, Allen and Lavi enter the castle to rescue Franz.

But instead of running into Krory, they run into Krory's giant man-eating flowers and his attractive assistant Eliade.

Upon seeing their uniform, Eliade fed Franz to the flowers which then develop pentacle rashes before exploding violently, blowing Allen and Lavi outside to a small graveyard in the castle grounds, where Eliade usually buried Krory's victims.

Upon closer inspection, they discover that Krory is not killing innocent people but actually Akumas in disguise, leading the pair to suspect that Krory might be an Innocence accommodator.

Meanwhile, Krory visits his late grandfather's portrait and laments his uncontrollable descent into monstrosity. Arystar Krory the First was an eccentric man, and the carnivorous flowers are actually his precious collection.

He prevents Krory the third from leaving the castle, persuading him he is best off looking after his plants for all his life. Upon his death, he tasked Krory with taking care of the flowers, binding him to the castle forever, and Krory ponders whether his becoming a vampire is his grandfather's punishment for his curiosity to see the outside world, and bemoans that he is now reduced to nothing more than one of his collections, with no prove of his existence upon the world.

Krory was then alerted by Eliade of the flower's destruction, and went to attack Allen and Lavi after reluctantly drinking her blood to gain power.

The two boys were overwhelmed by Krory's inhuman speed and strength and Allen was blown away into the castle, leaving Lavi to fight him alone and persuade him to become their ally.

Allen gets lost in the castle's secret passageways and was attacked by Eliade. Allen refuses to retaliate, telling Eliade that he has no reason to fight her, as they had not come to exterminate Krory but to recruit him as an ally, which Eliade derisively laughs at as she rained blow upon blow onto him.

Allen then felt a strange dizziness and fell unconscious. Eliade prepares to finish him with an axe, but fails when his Innocence arm automatically moves to protect him.

Allen awoke in his subconscious to a faint illusion of Mana, and told him that he had decided to keep walking on the path of an Exorcist, alongside his friends, even without his left eye.

Mana then faded away, telling Allen to "delve deeper into the world of black and white". Allen regains consciousness and realized that his left eye is functional once more.

He discovers Eliade is an Akuma, re-igniting his will to fight. Eliade, who despises her grotesque Akuma form, reluctantly transforms and attacks Allen with full strength.

The brawl sent both of them falling down to the main hall just as Lavi sent Krory smashing in as well. Lavi reunites with Allen, and both him and Krory are shocked at the eerie sight of a human soul protruding from Eliade's body.

Allen then learns that his curse has evolved and his eye is now able to project the vision to nearby people as well.

Lavi reveals to Krory that Eliade is an Akuma, causing Eliade to transform and attack Krory, as she could not allow him to become an exorcist. Allen and Lavi made to help Krory out, but Krory's carnivorous flowers erupted from the ground and attacked them, separating them from the pair.

As Lavi is about to be eaten, Allen recalls that the flowers are the same kind as Rozanne , a potted plant that Cross had him take care of with his life back when he was training.

He tells Lavi the flowers will spare those who bear good intentions towards them, and the two proceeded to shower the flowers with confessions of love.

When questioned by Krory as to why she had not killed him long ago, Eliade reveals that she is simply using him to achieve something she had wanted to do.

After berating Krory a coward for using his grandfather's will as an excuse to stay safe from the outside world, Eliade bombarded Krory with a hail of moisture-absorbing bubbles, leaving Krory's dried-up corpse to fall to the ground.

Thinking she had killed him, Eliade converts back to human form and sadly watches his wretched remains. Krory's seemingly lifeless form then sprang up and bit her, sucking her blood to rejuvenate his body.

In her last moments, Eliade confessed that she had simply wanted to experience love with Krory, as he is the only man she could not kill as he bears Innocence , before dissipating into dust.

His words resounded with Allen, who had suffered a similar ordeal, and he reminded Krory that he must live on and keep destroying Akuma, so he will have a reason for destroying Eliade, stating that people can continue living for their 'reason'.

In a reflection of his master, Allen also concludes that Krory, like him, is marked out to live as an apostle of God. Once Krory had calmed down, Allen and Lavi questioned him about Cross, and learned that Cross had visited Krory upon hearing news of his grandfather's death to return Rozanne, which he has been looking after for.

After Cross borrowed a large sum of money and left for the far East, Rozanne bit Krory and then withers as Krory's teeth fell out, to be replaced with fangs.

From that point on, Krory hungers for Akuma blood and starts attacking the villagers. Krory concludes that the plant must have been the 'Innocence' Allen and Lavi explained to him about.

Spurred by Allen's words, Krory decides to become an exorcist and continue destroying Akuma, so Eliade's death would not be in vain. Before his departure, Krory set fire to the castle that had kept him caged for so long, signaling the end of his old life as his grandfather's collection and the beginning of his new life as an exorcist.

Komui directs Allen and Lavi to simply take Krory along with their group instead of bringing him back to the Order, and the three boarded the train to meet up with Lenalee and Bookman.

Allen also tested out the new abilities of his cursed eye; it can now detect any Akuma within a meter radius, even from behind walls, and once concentrated, the eye can reveal the souls of Akuma to other people, and Allen realizes with dismay that his eye is starting to evolve just like an Akuma would.

Krory is deeply depressed about the villagers driving him away, refusing to believe Allen and Lavi's explanation, and went for a tour of the train under Lavi's advice.

Allen and Lavi then went looking for him after he was gone for three hours straight, and found Krory wearing nothing but his underpants, having lost everything he had playing poker against three strangers, who had a boy named Eeez accompanying them.

Realizing the men had scammed Krory, who knows nothing of the outside world from being isolated for so long, Allen challenges them in order to get Krory's stuff back.

The normally unlucky Allen not only manages to get Krory's stuff back but strips the three men down to their underpants as well. Allen reveals to a bewildered Lavi that he was cheating.

In what would be the first glimpse of his alter ego, "Black Allen", he proudly explains with an eerie laugh that in order to pay Cross's unpayable debts, he perfected the art of cheating "with his life on the line" and has never lost at cards since.

When the three men dismounted the train, Allen kindly returns the their clothes and belongings to them. To thank Allen, Eeez made to give the silver button he wears from his neck on a thong to Allen.

The group's leader, a scruffy man in thick glasses, swiftly interrupts Eeez and gives Allen his deck of cards instead. After the train departed and the four prepares to leave for their next job, the bespectacled man receives a phone call and excuses himself, saying he has the usual "secret part-time job".

As the remaining men leaves the station, the silver button that Eeez hangs from his neck flips over as he walks, revealing the name Kevin Yeegar embossed on the back, implying that the bespectacled man is behind his murder.

The bespectacled man then meets up with the Millennium Earl and transforms back into a Noah, Lord Tyki Mikk, then followed him back to their residence.

The following events are Non-Canon and therefore not considered part of the Canon story. Komui sends Allen to deliver a package to General Yeegar, however Allen does not know it is because the general wants to meet him.

When he arrives he is greeted by a finder, who tells him how wonderful a person the general is, which surprises Allen because he thought that all the generals were cruel because of Cross Marian.

When a level 2 Akuma suddenly attacks a village, Allen rushes in to help, and there he meets General Yeegar. The general later invites him to lunch.

After he gives General Yeegar the golem he was tasked to deliver, Allen leaves. But soon after his departure, Road and Tyki attack the general and destroy all the Innocence he had with him.

This was because they are searching for the Heart. When Allen hears the news of the general being attacked he rushes back to help.

However, When they find the general they hear him singing a song with a message in it, telling them that the Earl is searching for the Heart. Not long after the Cross Unit departed Romania with Krory in tow, the Order received an unprecedented attack from the Earl.

Waves of Akuma succeeded in obliterating over a hundred Finders in Barcelona, while members of the Noah family appeared at various locations around the world, picking out and murdering six exorcists from the teams searching for Generals Tiedoll, Cloud and Sokalo.

One exorcist, Suman Dark from Sokalo Unit, also goes missing. The Cross Unit only learned of the massacre when Lenalee talked to Komui on the phone, and, though thoroughly shaken, they continue their journey to find General Cross.

She starts by disguising herself as Lenalee to lure in Krory and kill him but the other exorcists notice he is missing and go after him.

When they meet up with him they find out that there are two Lenalees. When Allen and Krory get separated, Lulu Bell's attacks mostly focus on them.

Some time later, the exorcists eventually reunite. Bookman and the rest of the crew, however, began to worry about Allen as he's been fighting twice as much as all of them combined ever since he got his new eye.

Lenalee also noticed that his left arm is also "flaking" and jittery with fatigue. The team are informed by Anita that Cross left for Japan eight days ago.

But the ship that Cross was on was found in pieces in the middle of the ocean, indicating that he might have been killed.

Allen, who knows Cross best, proclaims that Cross could not possibly die so easily. Seeing his determination, Anita regains hope of Cross's survival and directs her men to prepare a ship for the exorcists to set sail towards Japan.

While sailing, Allen soon discovers a huge wave of Akuma coming towards the ship. The exorcists ready themselves for battle, but they are surprised to see the Akuma simply fly over them without a fight.

Upon noticing Allen, however, an Akuma carried him away by his left arm, prompting Lenalee to chase after him. The two then encounter the Akuma wave's true target; a gigantic white floating torso which expels enormous waves of light energy to destroy everything in its path, with a human half-embedded in its chest cavity.

A traumatized Lenalee recognized the monstrous form as a Fallen One, and the human victim as Suman Dark, a parasitic-type exorcist who had gone missing in action.

She explains to Allen that she had once witnessed now-forbidden experiments in the Order, when the Order attempted to syncronize Innocence with blood relatives of deceased exorcists, believing this would increase the chance of synchronization.

However, the synchronization would fail, and the Innocence will take over the human's body, forcing him to expel enormous power to drain his life energy and kill him, so it can re-synchronize with a new human.

Since Suman is an exorcist fully compatible with his Innocence, Lenalee could not understand how he could Fall. A little girl then emerges from the Fallen's chest cavity and Allen pulls her out, only to be sucked in himself.

As the Akumas continue to bombard Suman with bullets, Lenalee had no choice but to reluctantly leave Allen and take the girl, who is not breathing, to a hospital.

Seeing his friends overpowered and killed off one by one, Suman was overcome by terror and betrayed the Black Order to stay alive in hopes of returning to see his family.

He made a deal with Tyki Mikk and called the Headquarters for locations of all the exorcists searching for the Generals, leading to the massacre in Barcelona and the murder of the exorcists.

Allen learns that after his daughter Jamie fell ill to an incurable disease, Suman reluctantly became an Exorcist to afford for her care.

As per Order policy, this means severing all contact with his family and leaving behind the very daughter he tried to save.

However, by giving up fighting and making a deal with the enemy, Suman betrayed his own Innocence's will, causing his syncronization rate to fall below zero and resulting in him becoming a Fallen One.

With this, he manages to stop Suman's assault. However, his Innocence soon rebounded, leaving Allen screaming in agony as Suman again resumes his course toward the village.

A despairing Allen was spurred back into action by Timcanpy, and he activates his failing Innocence once again to stop Suman. The two then work together to severe Suman's body from the Innocence in his arm and succeeded, both falling into a thick bamboo forest.

At that moment, Tyki Mikk reveals himself. Suman's body then explodes into a gruesome mass of blood and gore as Tyki calls out his carnivorous butterfly golems, Tease , from inside him.

After agreeing to let him live, Tyki had planted a Tease within Suman's body so it could multiply as it feed on Suman's insides.

Hearing her call, he is determined to reach her. Though despite having survived such a dire predicament, Allen is in no mood to celebrate.

All he can think about is Suman who he failed to save. Bak then tells him that without his Innocence, Allen would no longer have to live the life of an exorcist and no one would blame him if he choose to do so.

Allen, however, refuses to give up his life as an exorcist because of his vows to his friends and to Mana. With a solution in front of them, Allen and For begin to engage in real battle training in an attempt to restore Allen's Innocence.

Allen, however, is still unable to reactivate it even after days of training. As a last resort, Bak decides to use For as bait so that Allen and the rest of the Asian Branch can escape.

Bak, however, refuses to let up since Allen can't fight without his Innocence. He implores Bak to open the door so he can once again be where he belongs—on the battlefield fighting against Akuma.

Before destroying it, Allen learns from the Akuma of the situation in Edo and that Allen will be able to travel there by using Noah's Ark, the same device that let the Akuma into the Asian Branch.

When Allen asks why the Akuma would tell him all this, the Akuma replies that he doesn't know; it simply felt right to tell him everything.

However, Kanda charges toward Allen, thinking he is an Akuma summoned by Tyki, however Allen stops him from attacking at the last second.

Kanda simply gets mad in response and they begin their usual routine of trading insults with each other.

Now that Allen has caught up with the others, his emotional reunion with Lenalee is interrupted as Lero teleports Lenalee away. Allen, Lavi, Krory, Chaozii, and Kanda, are teleported together with her into the Noah's Ark when they try to pull her back.

As they investigate their surroundings, Tyki appears and gives them a key to Road's dimensional door so they can escape the collapsing Ark.

When the group uses the key to open one of the doors in the area, they encounter Skinn Bolic and Kanda forces Allen to lead the others ahead while he stays behind to deal with Skinn.

After opening the next door, Allen finds Jasdevi in their split form. Allen, Lavi and Krory fight against Jasdevi, but the twins reveal Cross left them with a debt of guineas.

The twins want Allen to pay the bill, but Allen maintains what they owe is nothing compared to what he has had to pay on Cross's behalf over the years.

Angered, the twins steal the key and force Allen's team to search for it amongst a room full of duplicate keys, which are actually just an illusion.

Allen gives Lavi time to find the real key as he and Krory fight off Jasdevi. Allen becomes angry as Jasdevi attacks Lenalee and Chaozii , and thanks to Krory's ability to sense Noahs, they are able to restrain the twins until Lavi finds the key.

With this, the twins merge into a single body, after being called kids. Krory forces Allen to lead the others out of the Ark so he may deal with Jasdevi alone.

As Allen helps Lenalee up the stairs, the exorcists discuss what they will do after the battle is over. Allen tells the group he will eat everything that Jeryy can cook and that he will never give up hope.

With this, Allen's team runs into Road and Tyki at the top of the tower and Road surprises all of them by kissing Allen on the lips. Tyki asks them to sit down for a meal but Allen refuses to eat without time to enjoy it.

Tyki then tells them to look outside and they see that everything except for the tower has been destroyed.

He then asks them if they are afraid. Allen and Tyki's battle reaches a point where Allen's new arm breaks.

But he reveals to Tyki that it is the Innocence that provides the power but it is the exorcist's heart that makes him deadly and with that his Crown Clown heals itself.

In retaliation, Tyki repels the air to create a vacuum to kill Allen. Allen attempts to break free from the vacuum by synchronizing with his Innocence.

This results in him being able to use Crown Clown's Sword of Exorcism. Allen unsheathes his new Sword of Exorcism and with it, he is able to exorcise the Noah from Tyki.

Road is enraged when Allen exorcises the "Noah" inside of Tyki and gets revenge by using Lavi to attack him.

Lavi is eventually able to overcome Road and manages to defeat her. As they escape, Allen tries to save Lero and Tyki. However, after they realize that Allen's attempt at exorcising the Noah failed, Tyki becomes a fully awakened Noah and turns into a demonic knight that easily overpowers both Allen and Lavi, until General Cross arrives to rescue them.

Since Allen has the powers of the Musician, which allow him to control the Ark, he is able to save his friends. Moreover, this also allows him to stop the Akuma egg from being downloaded, meaning the Earl will be unable to make more Akuma.

Later, Allen wonders about how the symbols he and Mana created years ago were the song to control the Ark. He tries to confront his master about it, but he never gets the chance to.

After Allen and his friends return to Headquarters, he is put under supervision by Malcolm C. Lvellie , who wants to put Allen on trial for treason.

In order to ensure Allen's loyalties, Lvellie has his subordinate, Howard Link put Allen under hour supervision.

This causes many members of the Order to suspect Allen while close friends, including Komui, Lenalee, Lavi, Bak, Reever, and Johnny, believe that Allen would never betray them.

Allen returns just in time, jumping into the fray to rescue Miranda, who had been on the Egg, as the Generals begin their attack.

The Egg is destroyed by the Exorcists' combined efforts when Lulu Bell attempts to take back the Egg again. The victory is short-lived, however, as a level 4 Akuma appears and easily pummels Allen, going on to lay waste to a portion of headquarters.

When Allen sees the level 4's soul he starts to vomit, believing it to be too grotesque to look at. Allen, along with Lenalee, with her new form of Dark Boots, overpower the Akuma.

Eventually, the generals join in and pour their full power into their attacks, finally defeating the Level 4. After the battle Allen is unable to move, and before he is crushed by falling debris, Howard Link saves him and takes him to the medical ward.

Allen and friends are helping move the science team's storage when a massive storm hits the Black Order's Head Quarters, causing a blackout.

Unknown to them, someone or something has infected Krory with Komuivitan D, a mysterious substance created by Komui to combat overworking the science team.

The Komuivitan was deemed dangerous, as it seems to turn the person who drinks it zombie-like, infecting others with Komuivitan D via biting. Eventually, however, in an effort to try and create a vaccine from the original source of the entire infection, everyone but Johnny, Allen, and Komui is infected by the oncoming horde.

Johnny and Allen are infected as well, but not without finding out that Krory is the source of the infection.

A ghost in the Head Quarters is to blame for giving Krory Komuivitan. Komlin EX is creating a successful vaccine from Krory's blood, but unfortunately, Komlin is destroyed when Krory gets infected by Allen and Lavi after being so overjoyed at seeing them that he doesn't realize that they are affected by Komuivitan D.

Komui is infected as well, but luckily, the next day, Bak comes to visit and cures Head Quarters of the Komuivitan D infection after finding a vaccine.

They move to the new headquarters and Allen is charged with putting ark gates to facilitate the transporting. After he finishes he is thanked by Lvellie who tells him to follow him.

Cross arranges a meeting with Allen and reveals to him that he is to become the 14th Noah. Allen asks what the relationship was between Mana and the 14th.

Cross replies that they were brothers. Cross apparently was looking after Mana for the 14th. He tells Allen that at the right moment he would someday lose his very soul to the 14th who would be reborn in his body and also that he was doomed to kill the "ningen" or "human s " he loved when that happened.

Allen was probably very worried, but has since recovered a cheerful front and is trying to keep his mind on his duties.

His killer is later revealed to be the unnamed Cardinal, who reveals himself to be Apocryphos , which shows a cutscene of his killer holding Judgement to Cross's head before it was fired.

This cutscene was apparently Cross's killer's memories that were accidentally shown to Allen while being attacked.

Cross's guards fell asleep during their watch, which is how they don't realize that an intruder has entered Cross's room until it's too late. Witnessing Cross's bloodied body, one of the guards run off to get Inspector Lvellie.

The other guards bursts into the room, only to find that Cross's body has fallen through the window, leaving his shattered mask behind on the seat.

Cross is never found after this, and during the investigation of his room, Timcanpy seems to sense his master's demise and flies to his room.

It is then that Allen discovers his master's tragic death. A reunion is hold between the exorcists and Allen demands to be killed if he ever becomes the fourteenth.

But he assures his friends that this won't happen. Months later, Allen is sent on a mission with Kanda and Miranda.

They go to a cemetery to retrieve an innocence kept by the ghost of chess champion Mister Martin.

Helped by his sister , they all face the former champion at chess but are defeated. Allen is charged with defending the area while Link is playing.

He saves Miranda from a level 3 akuma. Link wins the game and they return to the headquarters with the innocence ring.

To pass they have to give a code to Father Frederico. Later, Timcanpy returns to the room where Cross has disappeared.

Allen follows him and finds Lvellie sipping tea. Lvellie proposes him some cake but Allen ignores him and tells Tim that they're leaving.

Lvellie asks Allen if he is the one who killed Cross. Upset, Allen replies that it may be Lvellie who did it and slams the door. He is sent on a mission with Kanda and Marie to investigate a strange rash of theft.

They first visit the captured victims in the jail and leave to capture G. Later that night, G steals the crown and Kanda intercepts G but is revealed to be another victim.

As G escapes, Allen ambushes him and reveals that it was part of their plan. However while Allen was distracted, G possesses Link.

Link proves himself formidable to match Kanda. Allen stabs Link with his Sword of Exorcism and G is in shock. G begins to cry in a very unique way that Marie used to find the source.

Marie has lead his team to a boy named Timothy whose Innocence can allow him to control other people's bodies. The building is suddenly dark and Allen realizes that his eye isn't reacting at all to the Akuma even though it is in front of him.

The Level 4 tells him that he shouldn't underestimate the Earl and that they have finally caught up with him. Allen also attempts to summon the Ark but this too is disabled inside the barrier.

He then engages in battle with a second Level 4 Akuma and three other Akuma who are attempting to take the boy.

Although Kanda manages to injure the Level 4, Allen loses his sword when the Akuma grabs and throws it away. After running from the attacks, he calls Crown Clown back to him, making it fly straight through the Akuma and through himself, pinning them to the wall.

As the Akuma comments on him skewering himself and Allen explains the effect of the Sword of Exorcism, but is suddenly wracked with pain as the Sword seems to be affecting himself as well.

As the Akuma prepares to fire on him, the 14th Noah inside him surfaces. He touches the Akuma's cheek, causing it to stop, saying only "Good Morning".

Sensing the 14th inside of Allen, the Level 4 starts to cry, and it is skewered by Kanda just as it was able to pronounce "Noah Kanda then provokes Allen by calling him "Idiot Bean Sprout".

Allen's conscience immediately surfaces and they slice the Level 4 to pieces. Upon his return to Headquarters, Allen has a dream in which he is impaled on the Sword of Exorcism and a voice tells him he is not without sin and that it is he who is in need of salvation.

Mana appears in the dream and invites Allen to come with him - though he never calls Allen by name. Allen asks Mana to call him by his name and then wakes up.

His hair turns wavy, with slitted, hostile eyes. This startles Lenalee, who had fallen asleep on the bed next to that of Allen's.

Allen seemed not himself -highly likely he was under the 14th control- until Lenalee calls his name. Before the two could start a conversation though, they are interrupted by Link who has been unable to perform his duties because of Lenalee's "immodest state".

Allen tries to lock him out for a moment, while Lenalee asks him whether or not he is feeling alright. Link threatens to tell Komui that Allen is alone in a sealed room with Lenalee.

Allen immediately relents and opens the door. Later, Lenalee is shown thinking that Allen looked like a different person when he woke up.

There, Allen sees what happens to Akuma souls when Third Exorcists absorb them, and his eye bleeds from it. After that, Tyki appears with some other Noah and began to attack, while taking shelter in a cave, Allen learns the fate of any Third Exorcist but Tyki reappears to battle them.

Allen manages to defeat all the Akuma and disappears and reappears to where the Noahs are keeping the Order hostage.

Allen comes from an ark gate beneath a black coffin ready to attack the Noahs but the Earl is waiting for him. As they meet, Allen and Tyki both manage to land on the Earl without seeing him.

The Earl grabs Allen and tells him that he'll never go back to the Order, as he'll be leaving it by choice soon. The 14th, however, appears, and makes a death threat, saying that he'll take over the Earl's place.

During this, Allen goes through great pain, as if he were about to transform into the Noah. And I'd die before becoming anything else.

Wisely then hints at Alma's existence to Allen, and after Alma is brought out, he draws Allen and Road into Kanda's memories. He sees the younger Alma, who says "Raise your hand if you understand me.

He realizes that Alma doesn't appear to notice him, and sees a hand rising from a circle of water. That hand then turns out to belong to a naked boy that gets pulled out by Alma.

As he's finally pulled out Allen realizes that the child is Kanda. The Second Exorcists seem to be killed exorcists whose brains were transferred to artificial bodies.

The scientists tried to transfer Innocence to those artificial bodies. Allen witnesses those painful memories and is almost consumed by Kanda's emotions, until Road explains to him that he's seeing Kanda's memories.

In these memories Allen learns of the relationship between Alma and Kanda who were both part of the painful and cruel experiments of the Asian Branch, always fighting and after that always regenerating and healing their wounds due to their modified bodies.

Allen also witnesses Alma eavesdropping on the scientists who intended to kill Kanda, because he seemed to have dreams of his real memories as an exorcist, and then tried to save his only friend and almost got killed by the CROW in the process.

In the end Kanda thinks Alma is dead and survived himself. After watching Kanda strike Alma down and having endured Kanda's memories long enough, Allen blows his top and punches Kanda in the forehead with his Crown Clown for allowing Wisely to "spy on his memories" for so long and forgetting his quick temper.

Road notes that it's cruel of Allen to strike someone in the head with Innocence but he's also too late.

Johnny and Bak begin to call to Allen telling him to stop Alma Karma before he wakes up and turns into an Akuma. Allen stares shocked at the demonic cocoon containing Alma but before he can react, the Earl tells Alma to "kill them" and Alma's awakening causes a huge explosion that blows up the entire North American Branch.

Allen survives, noticing Kanda is confronting Alma, but is shocked that Tokusa used his seals to protect him from most of the blast, despite his injuries.

Allen begins to feel guilty that he couldn't save anyone at the time, a thought to which Tokusa knees him on the head, saying that being an Exorcist does not mean he can save everyone.

Allen is then relieved that everyone is probably safe when Johnny contacts him. As Alma begins to turn into an Akuma, Allen witnesses Tokusa mutating.

Allen attempts to help Tokusa, but is blown away into a wall. Allen begs for the Innocence stop threatening to kill himself with it if the Innocence didn't obey him, but Tokusa approaches Allen.

Tokusa then sneaks up behind him and attacks him, while claiming that he is not an enemy of Exorcists to stop himself, but is struggling.

Then the Millennium Earl requests Allen to come along with the Noah Family as the Fourteenth if he wants the Earl to "put an end to this little show".

Allen watches as Tokusa and Alma terrorize all of his comrades present. He tries to call to Tokusa, who no longer recognizes him as he's consumed by Alma's hatred.

Tokusa then proceeds to break his leg. When she sees him looking conflicted, she asks him is he really thinking about taking the Earl's offer.

He replies he understands Alma's hate from the memories shown to him by Wisely but doesn't see a way to save him.

They're then attacked by Tyki who injures Fo. He then extends his hand to Allen, telling him not to irritate the Earl any further. Tyki casually blasts her but Allen saves her with his Sword of Exorcism, asking whether she thinks he can save him.

Allen goes off to deal with Alma but his leg hinders him so Professor Zu heals him with his magical golem "Atuda" using his own life force.

Allen then stops Kanda from attacking Alma with his "Fifth Illusion. Later Allen starts mocking Kanda because of his appearance, more later asking Kanda why he stabbed Alma.

It is later said that his hair has turned light purple because he sublimated his soul too much to the "Fifth Illusions Form".

Alma is later shown attacking Kanda with a strong attack but Allen blocks the attack with his Innocence, telling Alma "You should have seen, just like the Noah showed me The reason why Kanda chose to live nine years ago..

You still won't forgive him?! It is shown that the Akuma Alma's regenerating ability has reached its limit, Allen is holding Alma from falling but when Kanda attacks Allen moves Alma out of the way not giving Alma to Kanda who wants to kill him.

Kanda is later telling Allen that it's his fault Alma is an Akuma, also telling him "The one who destroyed this branch and made the Third Exorcists into monsters is all your fault, the fault of the man who belongs to the Order even though he's a Noah!

While Kanda screams "It's all your fault, you fucking Noah! Kanda finally regains himself with Allen asking Kanda "Look carefully at Alma's face. Why is he making that kind of face?

Allen then pushes away from Kanda and falls to the ground showing that his whole body looks like a Noah's, Kanda calls him Bean Sprout as he falls down.

Reever from the Black Order than says "His body looks like a Noah's After Kanda wounded Allen with his Innocence, The 14th started to awaken.

Inside Allen's mind he is chained to a structure and confronted with the 14th. The 14th says that the Earl is going mad and that the Earl and Allen are both puppets.

Allen mistakes the 14th for Tyki and then the 14th corrects him and introduces himself as Nea. After Timcanpy destroyed the barrier an image of Mana appeared which stops the take over.

Allen's left eye activates and then he saw a woman's soul in Alma Karma's body. Angered by this, Alma's hatred reawakens and once more attempts to kill Kanda by activating his self-destruct.

The detonation blows Allen back and creates a crater. Kanda is seen on the brink of death and crumbling to pieces. Allen arrives back at Kanda's body just as Alma's body begins regenerating.

Alma begins to crawl as he searches for Kanda's body, saying that he "wants to be by his side. As Allen is carrying him, the dark-matter once more takes over Alma's body in an attempt to consume Alma's soul.

Kanda tells Allen to send both he and Alma to "the place where we had our first mission together", referring to Mater. Allen agrees and sends them both through an Ark Gate.

Allen than declares to the rest of the people witnessing the event that he cannot allow the Noah nor the Church to get in his way any longer. Meanwhile, the Third Exorcists are still whirling out of the control, and the Exorcists are forced to battle and kill them.

Allen attempts to suppress Tokusa without killing him. As the Order members verbally apprehend Allen for letting Kanda and Alma escape, Allen refutes that they could save the Third Exorcists, and questions if the Order truly intends to destroy the Third Exorcist Project.

The Earl states that the Third Exorcists that are still rampaging show the long grudge Alma had for the Organization. Rouvelier then barks an order to go find Alma and destroy his body to stop the rampage, but Allen persists, prompting Rouvelier to declare that Allen is no longer an Exorcist.

Allen continues his attempt to persuade Tokusa, telling him that he isn't Alma, and that only Alma's cells are causing him to rampage.

Because it is Tokusa's body, he should be able to control. But Tokusa asks Allen why he bothers to even save him if Allen should just kill him.

Allen then asks back why the Third Exorcists are giving up so easily, and coaxes Tokusa into suppressing Alma's rage.

However, Link arrives carrying Tewaku, and restrains Allen with seals, mistaking Allen for trying to kill Tokusa.

Tewaku transforms and tries to attack Allen, but Timcanpy appears as a huge monster and saves him in time.

The Earl whisks away Tokusa and the others for his own uses, declaring that he will return for the 14th Noah.

Allen is shown to be imprisoned along with Timcanpy. Knowing he is held for treason but not yet put to death so he can be questioned, Allen becomes very paranoid and refuses to eat, fearing truth serum has been slipped into his food.

He's purposely unresponsive to interrogations, and seems intent on retreating mentally. Because of his actions, priests from the Vatican have taken to drawn-out forms of torture, leaving the worst of his wounds, the stab through his stomach he received from Kanda, largely unattended to.

It is only when Howard Link makes him accept food sent by Jerry which has a slur aimed at Rouvelier scrawled on top, thus proving no one has tampered with it that Allen begins eating.

Allen then apologizes to Link. Link is rather annoyed that the first words out of Allen's mouth are an apology, but reveals his shared past with the Third Exorcists.

Allen regrets not having become better friends with them, and wishes he had known more about the situation.

He also thinks Kanda and Alma could've survived if he had had more knowledge, and realizes all he's doing is hating without knowing anything about the 14th.

He then begins to think about the 14th, wondering if he knew more, if something would change. Somehow, these thoughts awaken Allen's inner Noah, and Allen begins to lose consciousness.

As Allen comes close to passing out, a cardinal from Central enters his cell and claims he's going to 'heal' Allen.

Link, though surprised that the cardinal is there, allows him to approach Allen, only to be shocked when the fingers of the cardinal's left hand unfurl into dangerous-looking feather-blades.

The blades pierce into Allen's innocence and cause him great pain. Link tries to intervene, but the cardinal attacks him and erases Link's memory of the cardinal.

Allen attempts to stop the cardinal and pierces his head by accident with his innocence, as his vision was blurred and he couldn't move well.

The cardinal is unaffected by the attack and begins moving towards Allen. The cardinal continues what he was doing earlier, and Allen sees a vision of his Master, on the night that he went missing, and he was confronting the cardinal.

Tyki Mikk sent by the Millennium Earl intervenes and temporarily disables the cardinal by smashing the Cardinal's head into the floor.

Road appears in her doll form and reverts back to her Noah form upon seeing Allen. She comforts him, since he is incredibly shaken by what he saw of his Master.

It is then revealed that the cardinal is in fact an independent innocence known as Apocryphos, which exists solely to guard the Heart, and to do so is intent on absorbing Allen, as it is "what his Allen's Innocence wants".

After a brief struggle between Apocyphos and Tyki, Allen attacks it claiming that the thought of merging with the person who killed Cross sickens him, and either blacks out and is taken by Tyki and Road, or willingly goes with them.

Either way a message is broadcast across the Black Order that he has left with the Noah and his status as an Exorcist has been suspended.

After having a small argument with Tyki which ends in Tyki saying Allen has "two monsters" inside of him his Noah memories, and his Innocence and as a result "sows chaos and creates conflict" wherever he goes.

However, before Tyki leaves, he tells Allen to show his monsters "who's boss. Keep walking," was originally said by Nea to Mana. Road adds that Nea fought to protect Mana, then disappears.

Absorbing all of this, Allen decides to follow his own path without the Noah and the Order and opens a portal, via Ark. Just before he steps through to leave, Lenalee catches up to him and begs him not to go because if he does it means they will have to fight each other.

Allen hugs her and assures her that he will always remain an exorcist even though their paths may be different. Before he leaves, he tells Lenalee that he loves her and everyone else at the Order, and that he will always consider the Order his home.

He then walks through the Ark Gate, which crumbles after him as Lenalee falls to her knees and screams after him in sorrow. It is then revealed how Cross took care of Allen after Mana died, and current Allen is seen returning to this place.

There he meets Barba and Mother who are overjoyed to see him. He retrieves his clown stuff and departs. During his mare, Allen has been surviving by doing clown performance as well as gambling and cheating.

Because of his "winning methods" namely to the detriment of mafia bosses, Allen was banned from more than a few gambling houses.

When she asks if he is an angel he quickly places a finger in front of her mouth to make her stop talking. It is revealed that he is still being tracked by Apocryphos, who has just arrived at the train station.

Some time later he is seen performing a street show in his clown outfit and sees Johnny, which shocks him.

He quickly and silently approaches him with his hat for money and then gets even more surprised to see Kanda, who approaches Johnny when the latter discovers they lost all their money.

Johnny leaves to earn some money while Kanda stares at a terrorized Allen, who averted his gaze last minute to keep Kanda form seeing his face by doing more tricks.

Kanda declares he wants to "slice him up a little," but Johnny drags him away, relieving Allen. However, his eye activates and an Akuma attacks from below.

Kanda tries to destroy the Akuma, but it explodes as Allen emerges with his Innocence activated in front of the duo.

Allen revealing himself by activating Crown Clown to save the townsfolk from akuma. When Johnny tries to hug Allen, he pushes him away and tries to run for it.

Kanda pulled him down and used Johnny's cloth to wipe Allen's face make-up. Akuma started to appear in the middle of Allen's argument with Kanda, and in the middle of the battle, Allen was questioned by Kanda of Howard Link's death, taking Allen by surprise.

Allen became furious when he figured out that it was Apocryphos who murdered Link. When more Akuma arrive, Allen tries to get away because he knows the Akuma are coming for him and they were fighting in a crowded street.

Suddenly, the 14th starts to resurface, much to Allen's dismay. While attempting to get away from Johnny and Kanda, Allen starts to lose control to Nea and takes refuge underneath a stone bridge, not knowing that Johnny had implanted a tracking device in his hair when he had hugged him.

Allen gets angry when Timcanpy suddenly bites his head, not knowing that the golem is trying to eat the tracking device, and then Allen's pain suddenly worsens, and the panic of losing to Nea starts to make him paranoid.

He then hallucinates someone similar in appearance to Tyki asking him Nea if he hates him, and before the hallucination can go any further an Akuma emerges beneath Allen.

Allen snaps at them both, refusing to let them touch him, and then turns his anger on Kanda, demanding to know why he came back rather than staying with Alma.

Kanda's heated answer makes Allen realize that Alma has died, which makes him cry before he collapses in pain. Kanda realizes that the wound that is bothering Allen is the one he had caused with Mugen at the North American Branch, and Johnny sees that his Innocence is trying to heal it, as it had when Tyki had punctured his heart.

Lange Zeit hatten Paläontologen wegen der ähnlichen Beschaffenheit von Schädel und Zähnen geglaubt, die Vorfahren der Wale seien die Mesonychia gewesen, eine Gruppe von fleischfressenden Huftieren mit umstrittener systematischer Stellung.

Später kam es zu Studien auf den Gebieten Molekularbiologie und Immunologie , die nachwiesen, dass die Wale stammesgeschichtlich eng mit den Paarhufern Artiodactyla verwandt sind.

Fossilfunde zu Beginn des Jahrhunderts haben dies bestätigt. Entsprechende Funde liegen aus den früheozänen Ablagerungen des Tethysmeeres in Nord indien und Pakistan vor.

Das Tethysmeer erstreckte sich während dieser Zeit als flaches Meer zwischen dem asiatischen Kontinent und der nordwärts strebenden Indischen Platte.

Den meisten molekularbiologischen Befunden zufolge sind die Flusspferde die nächsten lebenden Verwandten Schwestergruppe der Wale. Für diese Auffassung sprechen auch einige gemeinsame anatomische Merkmale, etwa Übereinstimmungen in der Morphologie der hinteren Backenzähne.

Die ältesten Walfossilien sind hingegen etwa 50 Millionen Jahre alt. Demnach waren die nächsten Verwandten der frühen Wale die Raoellidae , eine ausgestorbene Gruppe von Paarhufern.

Raoellidae Indohyus , Khirharia u. Die vermutete nahe Verwandtschaft gründet sich Thewissen zufolge auf Merkmale des Raoelliden Indohyus.

Dies sind vor allem der knöcherne Ring am Felsenbein Bulla tympanica , dem Involucrum , ein Schädelmerkmal, das bislang nur von Walen bekannt war, sowie weiteren Merkmalen der Vorbackenzähne Prämolare und der Knochenstruktur.

Mithilfe des Fossilberichts lässt sich der allmähliche Übergang vom Land- zum Wasserlebewesen nachvollziehen.

Die Rückbildung der Hinterbeine gestattete der Wirbelsäule eine höhere Flexibilität. Dadurch wurde es möglich, dass Wale sich mit dem vertikalen Schwanzschlagen im Wasser fortbewegen.

Die Vorderbeine wandelten sich zu Flossen um und verloren dabei ihre ursprüngliche Beweglichkeit. Eine besondere und relativ späte Entwicklung trat bei den Bartenwalen auf: Sie bekamen Barten , das sind Strukturen aus einem hornähnlichen Protein.

Seine lange Schnauze weist eine ursprüngliche, carnivore Bezahnung auf. Dementsprechend wird Pakicetus in frühen Rekonstruktionsversuchen als ein amphibisch lebender Räuber dargestellt.

Dort bewegte er sich in gebeugter Haltung und robbte wahrscheinlich wie ein Seehund. Der Schwanz der Tiere war sehr kräftig und unterstützte die Fortbewegung.

Ambulocetus lebte in Mangrovenwäldern im Brackwasser und ernährte sich in der Uferzone als Beutegreifer von Fischen und anderen Wirbeltieren. Die Hinterbeine dieser Arten waren bereits stark zurückgebildet, und die Körperform erinnert an die der Robben.

Die bei Landsäugern im Bereich des Beckens verschmolzene Lendenwirbelsäule bestand bei ihm aus losen Einzelknochen, die eine Unterstützung der Schwimmbewegung des Rumpfes und Schwanzes ermöglichten.

Daher war er ein guter Schwimmer, konnte sich an Land dagegen wahrscheinlich nur relativ schwerfällig bewegen. Die direkten Vorfahren der heutigen Wale findet man wahrscheinlich innerhalb der Dorudontidae , deren bekanntester Vertreter Dorudon zur selben Zeit wie Basilosaurus lebte.

Beide Gruppen hatten bereits das für die heutigen Wale typische Gehör entwickelt, das deutliche Anpassungen an ein Leben im Wasser zeigt wie die feste Bulla , die das Trommelfell der Landsäuger ersetzt, sowie schallleitende Elemente für das Richtungshören unter Wasser.

Die Handgelenke dieser Tiere waren versteift und trugen wahrscheinlich bereits die für heutige Wale typischen Flipper.

Die Hinterbeine waren ebenfalls noch vorhanden, jedoch deutlich verkleinert und mit einem verkümmerten Becken verbunden.

In der Folgezeit traten viele verschiedene Formen von Walen auf. Heute kennt man Fossilien von etwa Arten, die in der Mehrzahl verschwunden sind, aber deren Nachfahren heute alle Ozeane bevölkern.

Während es bis in die er Jahre noch Meinungen gab, dass Zahn- und Bartenwale sich aufgrund der Unterschiede im Körperbau, dem Schädel und auch der Lebensweise unabhängig voneinander entwickelt hätten, geht man heute von einem gemeinsamen Vorfahren aus und hält die Wale für monophyletisch.

Für diese Annahme sprechen eine Reihe von neuen, gemeinsamen Merkmalen aller Wale Synapomorphien , vor allem der typische Aufbau der Ohrkapsel und auch des Gehirns, sowie die Fossilfunde, die eine Rückführung aller heute lebenden Wale auf eine gemeinsame Stammgruppe zulassen.

Dies ist jedoch keine systematische Kategorie, sondern eine zusammenfassende Bezeichnung für die Kolosse der verschiedenen Walfamilien. Namen für Meeres- und Seetiere sind innerhalb der indogermanischen Sprachen schwer vergleichbar.

Vermutet wird derweil eine Verbindung zum romanischen lat. Möglich ist allerdings auch, dass es sich um eine Entlehnung aus einer nicht-indogermanischen Sprache zu früh- germanischer Zeit handelt.

In der Antike waren Wale durch Aristoteles 4. Hier ist vor allem Plinius der Ältere zu nennen, der eine umfassende Naturgeschichte verfasste.

Auch in der Kunst dieser und nachfolgender Zeiten findet sich diese Vermischung wieder, so wurden Delfine seitdem mit einem hochgewölbten, für Schweinswale typischen Kopf und einer langen, für Delfine typischen Schnauze dargestellt.

Der Schweinswal stellt neben den Delfinen einen der am frühesten für die Forschung zugänglichen Wale dar, da er als Bewohner der flachen Küstenbereiche Europas auch vom Land aus beobachtet werden konnte.

Eine der ersten anatomischen Beschreibungen der Atemwege der Wale anhand eines Schweinswals stammt aus dem Jahr von John Ray , [16] der den Schweinswal dennoch den Fischen zuordnete, wie seit Aristoteles üblich.

Die Bedrohung der Wale geht bis auf wenige Ausnahmen direkt vom Menschen aus. Die Bedrohungen durch den Menschen lassen sich unterteilen in die direkte Bejagung durch den Walfang sowie die indirekten Gefahren wie die Fischerei und die Umweltbelastung.

Im Mittelalter waren die Gründe für den Walfang die enormen Mengen Fleisch, der als Brennstoff verwertbare Waltran und die Kieferknochen, die man im Hausbau verwendete.

Jahrhundert etwa Walfangschiffe mit Jahrhundert wurden vor allem Bartenwale bejagt, um den Bedarf der Korsett- und Reifrockhersteller an Fischbein zu decken.

Als in der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts die Sprengharpune erfunden und eingesetzt wurde, kam es zu einem massiven Ansteigen der erlegten Wale.

Ungefähr in der ersten Hälfte des In dieser Zeit wurde intensiv gejagt, in den er Jahren wurden jedes Jahr über Eine weitere Steigerung auf über Die meisten bejagten Walarten sind heute in ihrem Bestand bedroht.

Heute sind sie stark dezimiert, da ein Zuwachs nur langsam möglich ist. Vollständig ausgerottet wurden bereits der atlantische und der koreanische Grauwal , beim Atlantischen Nordkaper rechnet man heute noch mit etwa bis Tieren, der Blauwalbestand beträgt wahrscheinlich maximal Die ersten Bestrebungen zum Schutz der Wale wurden beschlossen.

Das Töten von Walen zu kommerziellen Zwecken wurde durch diese Organisation weltweit bis zum Jahr verboten. Allerdings werden auch heute noch Wale gejagt.

Vor allem japanische Walfangschiffe jagen Wale verschiedener Arten zu vorgeblich wissenschaftlichen Zwecken.

Grönland und einigen indigenen Völkern der Welt ist der Walfang aus traditionellen Gründen und um ihr Überleben zu sichern erlaubt.

Island und Norwegen erkennen das Verbot nicht an und betreiben einen offenen kommerziellen Walfang.

Länder wie Norwegen und Japan setzen sich für Beendigung des Moratoriums ein. Sie fallen sehr häufig der Thunfischfischerei zum Opfer, weil sie sich oft in der Nähe von Thunfischschwärmen aufhalten.

Dies ist auch den Fischern bekannt, weshalb sie oft nach Delfinen Ausschau halten, um Thunfische zu fangen. Die Netze werden zusammengezogen, die Delfine verfangen sich unter Wasser und ertrinken.

Im südostasiatischen Raum werden sie in ärmeren Ländern als Fisch-Ersatz an die einheimische Bevölkerung verkauft, da die eigentlichen Speisefische der Region im Export höhere Einnahmen versprechen.

Im Mittelmeer werden Kleinwale als Nahrungskonkurrenten verfolgt: Da der Stoffwechsel der Meeressäuger einen ungleich höheren Energiebedarf als bei Raubfischen zur Folge hat, werden sie gezielt vernichtet, um die Bestände der Speisefische nicht mit ihnen teilen zu müssen.

Die zunehmende Meeresverschmutzung stellt auch für die Meeressäuger ein ernst zu nehmendes Problem dar.

Schwermetalle , Reste vieler Pflanzen- und Insektengifte sowie Plastikmüll-Treibgut sind biologisch nicht abbaubar. Bei der Nahrungsaufnahme direkt oder über die Meerespflanzen und Beutetiere gelangen sie dann in den Körper der Wale.

In der Folge werden die Tiere anfälliger gegenüber Krankheiten und bekommen weniger Nachwuchs. Auch die Zerstörung der Ozonschicht wirkt sich auf die Wale aus, denn Plankton reagiert sehr empfindlich auf Strahlung und vermehrt sich weniger stark.

Dadurch schrumpft das Nahrungsangebot für viele Meerestiere, besonders betroffen sind aber die Bartenwale. Auch das Nekton wird, neben der intensiven Befischung, durch die intensivere UV-Einstrahlung geschädigt und ist als Futterquelle quantitativ und qualitativ eingeschränkt.

Ähnliche Auswirkungen kann zumindest längerfristig eine Übersäuerung der Ozeane durch vermehrte Aufnahme von Kohlenstoffdioxid CO 2 darstellen, ein Effekt, welcher der globalen Erwärmung entgegenwirkt, da er der sich erwärmenden Atmosphäre wieder Kohlenstoff abnimmt.

CO 2 reagiert mit dem Wasser zu Kohlensäure. Von diesem Plankton sind wiederum Wale abhängig, da es für viele Arten die Hauptnahrungsquelle darstellt.

Der Schall reicht sehr weit und entfaltet seine verhängnisvolle Wirkung noch in über hundert Kilometern Umkreis.

Abhängig von den eingesetzten Frequenzen sind unterschiedliche Arten stärker oder weniger betroffen. Es wird die Forderung erhoben, dass vor entsprechenden ausgedehnten Einsätzen von Sonartechnik zunächst, gegebenenfalls ebenfalls mit Sonar, ausgeschlossen werden muss, dass sich viele Meeressäuger in der Umgebung befinden.

Dabei sind es vor allem Kleinwale wie die Delfine und Schweinswale, die intensiver beobachtet werden konnten und somit in die Mythologie dieser Völker eingehen konnten.

Felszeichnungen aus der Steinzeit , wie sie etwa in Roddoy und Reppa Norwegen gefunden wurden, zeigen, dass die Tiere auch frühen Kulturen bekannt waren.

Wal-Knochen wurden zu zahlreichen Zwecken verwendet. Bei den antiken Griechen wurde der Wal bereits von Homer erstmals erwähnt.

Von diesem leitete sich auch die lateinische Bezeichnung der Römer für Wal, cetus , ab. Besonders ausführlich werden Wale bei Aristoteles, Plinius und Ambrosius beschrieben.

Alle erwähnen sowohl die Viviparie als auch die Säugung der Jungtiere. Plinius beschreibt die mit den Lungen verbundenen Spritzröhren, und Ambrosius behauptet sogar, Wale nähmen ihre Jungtiere zum Schutz ins Maul.

Bartenwale sind offenbar nur Aristoteles bekannt. In der Bibel spielt vor allem der Leviathan als Meeresungeheuer eine Rolle. Gerühmt werden seine Schnelligkeit, seine Sprünge, seine Intelligenz und seine geringe Menschenscheu.

Sein geistiges Vermögen wird sowohl durch seine Fähigkeit, aus den Fangnetzen der Fischern entkommen zu können als auch bei seiner Zusammenarbeit mit Fischern beim Fischfang wahrgenommen.

Bei Letzteren erfolgte offenbar eine Gleichsetzung mit Haien und Welsen. Angeblich griffen sie dort sogar Krokodile an. In der Mythologie der Griechen nehmen Delfine einigen Raum ein.

Aufgrund ihrer Intelligenz retteten sie mehrfach Menschen vor dem Ertrinken. Ebenso bekannt waren sie für ihre Anhänglichkeit an schöne Knaben, mit denen sie zum Teil sogar in den Tod gingen.

Delfine gehörten zum Gefolge des Poseidon und führten diesem auch seine Gattin Amphitrite zu. Doch werden Delphine auch mit anderen Göttern, beispielsweise Apollon , Dionysos und Aphrodite in Verbindung gebracht.

Die Griechen würdigten sowohl den Wal als auch den Delphin mit einem eigenen Sternbild. Delphinus nördlich des Tierkreises. In der antiken Kunst gibt es häufig Delfindarstellungen.

Schon bei den kretischen Minoern wurden sie dargestellt. Eine besonders beliebte Darstellung ist die des auf einem Delphin reitenden Arion oder auch des Taras.

Auch in der frühchristlichen Kunst ist der Delphin ein beliebtes Motiv, nicht zuletzt, da er neben dem Fisch teilweise als Symbol für Christus verwendet wurde.

Der irische Mönch St. Brendan der Reisende beschrieb in seiner Reiseerzählung Navigatio Sancti Brendani eine Begegnung mit einem Wal, die er in den Jahren zwischen und gemacht haben soll.

Dort schilderte er, wie er und seine Begleiter eine baumlose Insel betraten, die sich in der Folge als riesiger Wal herausstellte, den er Jasconicus nannte.

Diesen Wal trafen sie sieben Jahre später erneut und ruhten auf seinem Rücken aus. Jahrhundert stammten allerdings von gestrandeten Walen, die durch ihre Leibesfülle und ihr Aussehen keinem anderen bekannten Tier glichen.

Während dieser Zeit wurden weltweit auch andere Wale gezeigt und lockten als Attraktionen von Museen und Wanderausstellungen Besucher an.

Vor allem die Matrosen der Walfangflotten des Obwohl ihnen mittlerweile bekannt war, dass die meisten Wale harmlose Riesen darstellen, beschrieben sie vor allem den Kampf mit den harpunierten Tieren als Gemetzel.

Mit der Intensivierung des Walfangs mehrten sich auch die Beschreibungen von Meeresungeheuern , zu denen neben riesigen Walen auch Haie , Seeschlangen sowie Riesenkalmare und -oktopusse gehörten.

In dem erschienenen Kinderbuch Abenteuer des Pinocchio von Carlo Collodi kommt allerdings kein Wal vor, obwohl dies gemeinhin angenommen wird.

Auch in historischer Zeit wurden Walknochen als Rohmaterial genutzt. Aus Howmae stammt ein Stuhlsitz aus Walbein. In der Wikingerzeit wurden verzierte Platten aus Walknochen angefertigt, die manchmal als Bügelbretter gedeutet werden.

Das eigentliche Dach bestand vermutlich aus Fellen, die mit Erde und Moos abgedeckt wurden. Anders als in den vergangenen Jahrhunderten wurden Wale im Jahrhundert nicht mehr als Meeresungeheuer und gefährliche Bestien betrachtet.

Mit ihrer zunehmenden Erforschung galten sie nach und nach immer mehr als intelligente und friedfertige Tiere, die von Menschen grundlos gejagt und getötet werden.

Vor allen anderen erhielten insbesondere die Delfine diese Rolle, welche sich auch in Filmen und Romanen der er bis er Jahre widerspiegelt.

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